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Classification and main functions of textile equipment

Update:03-07-2020
Summary:

Textile equipment is a general term for all kinds of me […]

Textile equipment is a general term for all kinds of mechanical equipment required to process natural fibers or chemical fibers into textiles. The processes required to process different fibers such as cotton, tuberculosis, silk, and wool into textiles are not the same, and some are completely different, so the required machines are also various and varied. As long as there are spinning equipment, weaving equipment, printing and dyeing equipment, finishing equipment, chemical fiber spinning equipment, silk reeling equipment and non-woven fabric equipment. Spinning equipment is divided into two types of processing short fiber and processing long fiber. Cotton and cotton chemical fibers are short fibers, and wool, hemp, silk and their blended chemical fibers are long fibers. The processing procedures of the two types of fibers are different, and the equipment cannot be used universally, but the design principles of some machines are similar. Even if the same type of equipment, the structure of the machine is similar, but because of the nature of the raw materials and the final requirements for the fabric, they are generally not universal. Spinning equipment is mainly divided into short fiber processing and long fiber processing, because of the variety. The machine structure, use and performance are different. According to the order in the process flow, it is divided into opening and cleaning cotton machinery, carding machine, combing machine, winding machine, winder, draw frame, draw frame, coarse, warping process yarn machine, spinning machine, Rotor spinning machine, wool and linen spinning machinery, etc.

The weaving equipment is divided into a winding process, a warping process, a drawing-in process, a weaving process and a finishing process according to its process.

Printing and dyeing equipment singeing machine (cloth singeing), deboiling and bleaching machine (cloth sizing is removed), mercerizing machine (making the fabric fibers arranged neatly, the fabric is shiny, the dye adsorption is better), uniform rolling Car (dyeing of fabric), setting machine (setting of fabric), pre-shrinking machine (controlling shrinkage of fabric).

Finishing equipment is the equipment used in textile finishing mainly including coating, calendering, printing, water washing, nitrate washing, sand washing, embossing, punching, shaping, embroidery, bronzing, etc.

Non-woven fabrics are textiles made by bonding, fusing or other chemical or mechanical methods using textile fibers as raw materials. This kind of textile does not go through the traditional spinning, weaving or knitting process, also known as non-woven fabric and non-woven fabric.

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